Participation of women and peoples with disabilities (PWDs) in electoral processes is a human rights issue. This basic right is provided for in different international legal instruments such as conventions and treaties. The focus on women and PWDs participation in elections has of recent become a concern in global politics. A number of conventions have been passed by the international community to address this matter. Such conventions are the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women(CEDAW) of 1979, the Beijing Declaration of 1995, the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa commonly referred to as Maputo Protocol of 2003; and the Convention on the Right of Persons with Disabilities of 2008.
The guideline will serve as a tool of advocacy through which various stakeholders will be reached to with a view to help realizing the cause. These stakeholders are the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar, the Zanzibar Electoral Commission (ZEC), political parties, security forces, Civil Society Organizations and Media.